Essay Writing Class


Having the ability to write a well-constructed essay enables a person to show his writing skills and to develop the creative thinking that he owns.

Whether you are a student, a teacher practitioner or a job applicant, this entire course is for you. Each lesson is provided for free to help out in every essay writing needs.

Learn the basics of essay writing such as why following proper grammar rules are important, what are the different types of essays, how to choose the right essay topic, how to outline an essay and many more that will make you realize that there is so much more to essay writing that you need to gain knowledge of.  A summary is provided after every lesson as refreshment and quizzes are also given to solidify what was learned in the course. This is an ideal course for those who have existing knowledge in essay writing and to those who would want to improve their writing skills and would want to learn a new approach to their composition.

Essays should be written as brief, as concise and as informative as possible. It should give new learning to the readers and should generate either a change or an action. Many careers are based on writing forceful essays such as writing press releases, legal opinions, being an author, creating business proposals and of course being in print journalism. Better opportunities are bound to happen to those who can compose good essays of much impact.

Apply what you have learned in this easy-to-understand essay writing course and use the given tips and tricks to better out your performance whether in school or in work.

Objective:

  • To know the different types of essays.
  • To know each uses of the different essay types.
  • To learn the advantage of each type for the writer.

Quick Navigation through the Lesson 5: Type of Essays:

Lesson Proper:

Writing essays play a vital role in a student’s academic years. It is the simplest form of writing assignment that can prove the skills of a student in choosing a topic, researching facts and composing the over-all content.

The first in writing an effective essay is to gain knowledge on the different kinds of essay that are available. There could be a dozen essay types and can be classified to different types based on its uses and its advantage to a writer but there are four types that are most commonly used in the writing field.

1. EXPOSITORY ESSAY

Expository essays maybe viewed as the simplest among all the different essay types. It is mainly an essay written out of the writer’s explanations. The issue is discussed in the content of the essay even without giving a claim or an opinion. Essays like thoughts about the Olympics, a movie review and personal reply to a certain event falls in this type of essay.

                Expository essays can be used in the following areas:

  • Cause and effect paper
  • A report or an evaluation
  • Explaining rules and regulations
  • How-to Essays

In writing an expository essay be sure to create a defined thesis statement that is placed in the first paragraph of the essay. The thesis statement should be specific and clear for it to set a good and effective introduction for the essay. Provide definite transitions between the introduction, body of the essay and the ending of essay. Evidential support should be given on the second paragraph and should be generalize as the writer reaches the third paragraph of the essay.

One of the highly recognized methods in writing an expository essay is following the Five-Paragraph rule where in a paragraph is given for the introduction, three paragraphs will consist the body of the essay while the last paragraph will define the conclusion of the essay.

Expository essays give the following benefits:

  • Easiest to do with enough data to prove the thesis statement.
  • Widely used so examples can easily be found in newspaper, journal and magazine articles.
  • It can deliver a humor by creating an essay that involves a personal anecdote.

2. DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY

Descriptive essays allow a student to create a writing assignment based on describing a person, a place, a situation, an emotion etc. It often takes a personal account to do and opens more of the creative freedom to a writer. Essay in descriptive type has the aim to paint a picture in a reader’s mind that is active and dynamic. The writer should be able to show the point of the essay and not just tell.

Descriptive essays can be used in the following areas:

  • Autobiography
  • Another person’s story
  • A new policy

Writing a descriptive essay should contain five elements to label it as an effective work. Since the aim is to paint a picture in a reader’s mind, the descriptive essay should have sensory details. Sensory details refer to vivid words describing the senses’ sight, touch, hearing, smell and taste. This means that the reader should be hit in either one of the senses mentioned or almost all.

Figurative language such as smile and metaphor are highly encouraged to use in making a descriptive essay. These forms of language help the readers to easily visualize what are being referred to in the sentences. A dominant impression should be highlighted as the main focus of the descriptive essay. This central idea is where the related details will lean on. For example, instead of writing an essay about travelling, have a leading impression by choosing to write about travelling at night or travelling alone.

Describe precisely meaning all description that will be given in the content of the essay is true to itself. A well-plan organization is important in writing a descriptive essay for it should take a reader to a certain route. Follow the chronological order of time, location and order of importance in outlining your paper.

Descriptive essays give the following benefits:

  • The writer can put his or her emotion on the written assignment.
  • Examples of descriptive essay are found mostly online or in blogs which shows convenience in finding references.
  • Is open for exaggeration to plea the reader’s attention.

3. NARRATIVE ESSAY

Narrative essay follows a certain plot that should indicate characters, setting, rising action and climax. It is mostly written in the first person’s point of view and based on the writer’s personal account or experience. It should be written chronologically based on the said plot but with creativity can either begin via flash back or flash-forward.

Narrative essays can be used in the following areas:

  • Unforgettable experience
  • Travel accounts
  • First-time stories
  • Book review

All narrative theses must begin with a great thesis statement. This thesis statement reveals what the reader will be expecting to get upon reading the essay. Outline the event before writing and list down what is the setting, the rising action, the climax and the concluding parts of the topic.

Create a flashback by beginning with the past to set the mood of the readers. Flash-forward on the other hand starts with an outlook of the future and then the relating it to the present situation. Convey the significance of the event in a narrative form. Verb tense should be consistently written in entity of the essay. Dialogs are advisable too to make a better impression.

Narrative essays give the following benefits:

  • Creates an involvement between the writer and readers especially if the topic falls in the same interest.
  • Can also involve emotion of the writer.

4. ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY

Argumentative essay is the most complex among the different essay types. The essay should be able to convince the reader to believe in his accounts. It involves collecting, generating and evaluating evidences that should establish a position in the topic.

Argumentative essays can be used in the following areas:

  • Research paper
  • Reasoning
  • Pros and Cons essay

Writing an argumentative essay is not just about giving an opinion. The opinion should stand alone by supporting details and evidences found in the essay. It should begin with a statement of assertion and its relevance to the topic of choice. Statistical, logical and experimental information will support the claim should be written directly.

The argumentative should be strong to pursue the reader’s attention. It can also give a call to action but it cannot contain feelings and emotion. Sources should also be reliable and oversimplification should be avoided.

Argumentative essays can give the following benefits:

  • The challenge of writing this type of essay can test a student’s skills in reasoning out.
  • The process of gathering facts is beneficial for the student to know more about the given topic.
  • The freedom to choose a stand is given to the writer.

 

Summary:

  • Essays play a vital role in a student’s academic years.
  • There are four types of essays most commonly used in the writing field.
    • EXPOSITORY ESSAY- It is mainly an essay written out of the writer’s explanations.
      • USES
        • Cause and effect paper
        • A report or an evaluation
        • Explaining rules and regulations
        • How-to Essays
    • WRITER’S BENEFITS
      • Easiest to do with enough data to prove the thesis statement.
      • Widely used so examples can easily be found in newspaper, journal and magazine articles.
      • It can deliver a humor by creating an essay that involves a personal anecdote.
  • DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY- It is mainly an essay that describes a person, a place, a situation, an emotion etc.
  • USES
    • Autobiography
    • Another person’s story
    • A new policy
  • WRITER’S BENEFITS
    • The writer can put his or her emotion on the written assignment.
    • Examples of descriptive essay are found mostly online or in blogs which shows convenience in finding references.
    • Is open for exaggeration to plea the reader’s attention.
  • NARRATIVE ESSAY- It is mainly an essay that follows a certain plot that should indicate characters, setting, rising action and climax.
  • USES
    • Unforgettable experience
    • Travel accounts
    • First-time stories
    • Book review
  • WRITER’S BENEFITS
    • Creates an involvement between the writer and readers especially if the topic falls in the same interest.
    • Can also involve emotion of the writer.
  • ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY- It is mainly an essay that involves collecting, generating and evaluating evidences that should establish a position in the topic.
  • USES
    • Research paper
    • Reasoning
    • Pros and Cons essay
  • WRITER’S BENEFITS
    • The challenge of writing this type of essay can test a student’s skills in reasoning out.
    • The process of gathering facts is beneficial for the student to know more about the given topic.
    • The freedom to choose a stand is given to the writer.

 

 

 

 

Objectives:

  • To review on the different parts of speech accomplished in Lesson 2
  • To know the basic grammar rules on Capitalization
  • To know the basic grammar rules on Punctuation

Lesson Recap:

Having an increased knowledge about the eight parts of speech is important in becoming a better writer. Each part of speech constitutes to good sentence construction as well as polished flow of content.

The different parts of speech in the English grammar are as follows:

  1. Nouns
  2. Verbs
  3. Adjectives
  4. Adverbs
  5. Pronouns
  6. Preposition
  7. Conjunction
  8. Interjection

Quick Navigation through the Lesson 3: Knowing your Grammar Part 2:

Lesson Proper:

Capitalization and punctuation are two fundamental parts of proper English grammar. Capitalization refers to the act of writing the first letter of a word in an upper-case letter while the remaining letters are in lower-case. Rules in correct capitalization vary between time setting and language being used by the person.

Following the correct capitalization rules enables a writer to accomplish a well-written essay. It is also important that a writer know when to highlight a given word through capitalization to be able to bring justice to the content of the essay. The rules of capitalization are based on different formats that will thoroughly introduce in the following items.

CAPITALIZATION AT BEGINNING OF SENTENCES

• As customary, capitalize each word in the beginning of a sentence typed or written. This rule serves as a breakdown for each sentence in a given paragraph.

Example: The silver plate will be given to Tom as a reward.

Why does the sun set on the East?

CAPITALIZATION AT BEGINNING QUOTATIONS

• Quotes, even if they are written in between a sentence should be capitalized.

Example: Martin Luther King once said, “I have a dream.”

CAPITALIZATION ON PROPER NOUNS

• Capitalize proper nouns being the kind of nouns that describes a specific person, place or a thing no matter where it is placed in a sentence.

Example: Mark swears by what he saw yesterday at the Department of Economics building.

• For non-English names that have surnames consisting of two parts, do not capitalized as it is more preferred to stick with the original language rule.

Example: Leonardo da Vinci is a great painter.

• Capitalize derivatives of proper nouns whether adjective, adverbs, etc.

Example: The Germans had fought a good fight to retain the Germanic status symbol during the German-Polish war.

CAPITALIZATION ON PRONOUN “I”

• “I” is always capitalized no matter where it is placed in a sentence and how it is used.

Example: I think therefore, I am.

CAPITALIZATION ON FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS

• Capitalize a term when used as a pronoun to indicate family relationship, do capitalize.

Example: Auntie Rosie borrowed my lipstick though it was actually Mom who owns it.

• If it is used as a common noun, do not capitalize Example: My mom owns the lipstick Auntie Rosie borrowed.

CAPITALIZATION ON NAMES OF GOD AND RELIGIOUS FIGURES

• Capitalize proper nouns that are referring to gods and other religious figures.

Example: God is also called by the names Allah and Yahweh.

• If the title is part of the name of the religious figure, capitalize.

Example: Pope John Paul II had been a great pope.

CAPITALIZATION ON TITLES INTRODUCING OR ENDING A NAME

• Capitalize formal titles. Among these formal titles are Mr., Mrs. Jr., Sr., Dr., and Engr.

Example: Dr. Langdon signed my paper yesterday.

He will be receiving the payment together with John Chavit Jr.

CAPITALIZATION ON DATES AND OTHERS

• Capitalize all days, months and holidays for they are used as proper nouns.

Example: Her schedule falls between Monday and Friday.

December is a good month to invest.

Today is Thanksgiving in America.

• Capitalize specific periods, historical events as well as wars and eras when used as a proper noun.

Example: The Roman Era marked the rise of a new artistic trend.

CAPITALIZATION ON NAMES OF COUNTRIES AND SPECIFIC NATIONALITIES

• Capitalize nationalities, languages and nationalities when used as a proper noun.

Example: I am half-British and half-American.

Mel has been to Europe and almost all parts of Australia.

CAPITALIZATION ON RADIO AND TV STATIONS

• Capitalize all letters of radio and TV stations.

Example: I always follow the programs in CNN.

Punctuation on the other hand refers to symbols that indicate the structure and organization of a sentence and shows the pauses to be noted when reading aloud. Correct grammar in punctuation is important to identify the meaning of sentences.

One of the famous examples of a sentence that can be changed on its meaning through the use of punctuation marks is the example given below: “Woman, without her man, is nothing”- this sentence refers to the strength of a man over a woman. “Woman: without her man, is nothing”- when the coma is changed to a colon the sentence has its new meaning. It now focuses on the woman’s strength over man.

By having enough knowledge on the grammar rule involving punctuation, one will be able to handle any writing task and produce a powerful essay that will clearly communicate with its readers. Just like the rules of capitalization, punctuation grammar rules follows a different guidelines based on the punctuation used in a sentence.

COMMA

  • A comma is used to integrate a pause or a soft stop in a sentence.
  • A comma is used to combine ideas.
  • A comma is used to separate clauses.

The different comma rules are as follows:

1. Use a comma to separate items in a list and the final two items will then be separated by conjunction “and”.

Example: I love traveling, surfing and blogging.

2. Use a comma to separate two independent clauses in a sentence.

Example: The boy sang very well, but he didn’t make it to the finals.

3. Use a comma when writing introductory elements to a sentence.

Example: Singing almost every day, Joel is surely prepared for the battle.

4. Use a comma when writing parenthetical elements to a sentence.

Example: That wallet, which is the only memory she has of him, was stolen a while ago.

5. Use a comma in separating coordinating adjectives.

Example: He is a secured, fine young man I love.

6. Use a comma to introduce a quoted statement.

Example: Highlighting the flag raising ceremony, the principal says, “Everybody should wear their identification cards”.

“I miss you”, said May, “Though you don’t miss me anymore”.

7. Use a comma to set off contrasting ideas and phrases.

Example: He chose to surrender, though he could have fought until the end.

8. Use a comma to limit confusion in the sentence construction.

Example: Instead of writing “For Brian the love is already gone” write “For Brian, the love is already and gone”.

9. Use a comma between dates, city and state, a title that comes after the name of a person and long numbers.

Example: November 9, 1993 is her birthday.

She lives is Hartford, Connecticut for over two years.

Greg Downey, Professor from the Department of Science, concluded the speech.

There are 525,600 minutes in a year.

PERIOD

  • A period is used in ending a statement.
  • A period is used to introduce a new sentence or a new thought.

The different period rules are as follows:

1. Use a period in ending a command statement.

Example: Deliver the message on or before the sun sets.

2. Use a period for indirect questions.

Example: The instructor keeps on asking as to why Mark is always absent.

3. Use a period to abbreviations.

Example: The only address he remembers is Washington, D.C. She bought the bag at St. Peter’s Square.

APOSTROPHES

  • An apostrophe is used to create possessive forms, contractions and plurals.

The different apostrophe rules are as follows:

1. Use apostrophe to connote possessiveness.

Example: The children’s book got lost after the typhoon hit. I’m just a human being open to commit mistakes. The ladies’ room is crowded.

2. Use apostrophe to form plurals.

Example: She got a lot of A’s in her essay paper.

COLON

  • A colon is used before an explanation to a given statement.

1. Use a colon in separating the heading of a title to its sub-heading.

Example: Into the dark: A Movie Review

2. Use a colon between sentences when the first sentence describes the second sentence without a coordinating conjunction. If there are two or more sentences that will follow the first statement, capitalize the first letter of the first word of each following sentences.

Example: I love the reading: novels by Helen Fielding are among my top lists.

Traveling is an important habit everybody should try ones in awhile: It promotes personality. It creates great character.

3. Use a colon to introduce direct quotes.

Example: Jennifer Lewis answered the question with: “I did not do anything wrong”. 

4. Use a colon in addressing to address someone in his or her first name in format business letters.

Example: Dear Ms. Johnson:

QUOTATION MARKS

  • A quotation mark is used to highlight either a material or a quotation in a sentence.

The different quotation rules are as follows:

1. Use quotation marks with periods and commas inside.

Example: Sophia said, “See you tomorrow.”

2. Use a single quotation mark in giving a quote within quote statements.

Example: Shena reacted, “She said ‘I will leave tomorrow morning.”

3. Use a quotation mark to highlight grammar errors in a given sentence.

Example: She wrote, “I travel so become independent.” Should be “to” rather than “so”.

QUESTION MARKS

  • A question mark is used to direct questions.

The different question mark rules are as follows:

1. Use a question mark to direct questions.

Example: “What are you doing?”

2. Use a question mark to turn a statement to a tag question.

Example: I should be drinking coffee, shouldn’t I?

3. Use a quotation mark in rhetorical questions.

Example: What if I tell you, “You better shut up now”?

4. Use a quotation mark in a series of brief questions.

Example: Who else will I blame? the maid? the driver? you?

EXCLAMATION POINT

  • An exclamation point is used to express emotion, give emphatic declaration and for interjections.

The different exclamation rules are as follows:

1. Use exclamation point in close situations that conveys a deep emotion.

Example: Please! Stop it!

2. Use exclamation point in mimetically pronounced words such as animal’s sounds.

Example: The dog’s arff! scared the whole out of me.

BRACKETS

  • Brackets are used to include further explanations to a given statement.

The different bracket rules are as follows:

1. Use a bracket to give explanatory notions within a quoted language.

Example: Ms. Jones, the new dean of the college said that the new director, Mr. Freddie [of Department of Science] has been admitted to the hospital.

2. Use a bracket in quoting a sentence where in the pronoun should be replaced.

Example: I believe when shed said “Killing [him] is not her game.”

3. Use bracket for within a parenthetical quotation to include another parenthetical quotation.

Example: He accepted his award at Canne’s Film (the world’s premier film festival [France]) last summer.

PARENTHESES

  • Parentheses are used to provide material that should be de-emphasized or that are too long to be included in a statement.

The different parentheses rules are as follows:

1. Use parentheses in terms or statements that wouldn’t fit in the flow of the sentence but is still important to include.

Three years after winning the American Idol, Kris Allen (we remember him with his rendition of the song Heartless) is nowhere to be found.

DASH

  • A dash is used as a super-comma to separate parenthetical materials.

The different dash rules are as follows:

1. Use a dash to separate in time or date durations.

Examples: They saw each other between 6:00-9:00pm.

Winter falls either November-December.

2. Use a dash to include important message in a sentence highlighted by the first statement.

Example: The suspects- Danny, Gokey and John- refused to take interviews by the media.

ELLIPSIS

  • An ellipsis is used in quoting a material and some words are needed to be omitted. An ellipsis consists of three dots or periods.

The different ellipsis rules are as follows:

1. Use ellipsis to declare a pause in the given statement.

Example: My mom always reminds me to read, read… and read.

2. Use ellipsis to lengthy quotations.

Example: Shiela used to tell me a very beautiful story,

“Once in your life you will find a special someone who will change your life forever. He will put a smile on your face. He will reveal your true beauty. He will regain your strength. And when you finally fell in love with him, he will let you go…”

SEMI-COLON

  • A semi-colon is placed to help a writer imply a balance between the ideas used.

The different semi-colon rules are as follows:

1. Use semi-colon to sort a list of long items.

Example: He went to Paris, France; Tokyo, Jape; Beijing, China and Sydney, Australia.

2. Use semi-colon to separate related independent clauses.

Example: I feel like he likes me; he will always look straight to my eyes.

 

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Summary:

  • Capitalization refers to the act of writing the first letter of a word in an upper-case letter while the remaining letters are in lower-case.
  • The rules of capitalization are based on different formats as follows:
    • Capitalization at the beginning of a sentence.
    • Capitalization at beginning of a quotation.
    • Capitalization of proper nouns.
    • Capitalization of pronoun “I”.
    • Capitalization of family relationships
    • Capitalization on names of gods and religious figures.
    • Capitalization of titles before and ending of a name.
    • Capitalization on dates and others.
    • Capitalization on countries and specific languages.
    • Capitalization on radio and television stations.
  • Punctuation refers to symbols that indicate the structure and organization of a sentence and shows the pauses to be noted when reading aloud.
  • The different punctuations most commonly used in English grammar are as follows
  • Comma
  • Period
  • Apostrophe
  • Colon
  • Quotation marks
  • Question mark
  • Exclamation point
  • Brackets
  • Parentheses
  • Dash
  • Ellipsis
  • Semi-colon

 

 

Objectives:

  • To give the importance of good grammar
  • To provide the different things that having a good grammar can do
  • To familiarize with the different parts of speech

Quick Navigation through the Lesson 2: Knowing your Grammar Part 1:

Lesson Proper

Proper grammar in sentence construction is important in every writing assignment a person does. Grammar is defined as the set rules that direct the flow of words, phrases and clauses in any given common language. The evolution of grammar started with the growth of population and thus the growth of influences that govern how individuals speaks and writes. In line with this, standards and guidelines have been set that created a discrepancy to the grammars that are common with the grammars that are correct.

Correct grammar goes hand in hand with the culture of a certain country and thus no grammar is alike in between nations and continents. Terms such as British Grammar, Standard Chinese and Modern Standard Arabic provide different set of rules in grammar instruction that applies to the customs and normal ways of the people living. The most common and widely accepted is the English grammar that became the foundation of the other grammatical rules that has developed.

Effective study of grammar is needed as part of education starting from the developing years to the advance learning stage. Having a right knowledge on how to properly construct sentences contributes to the common writing assignments set by the institution and will also help to ensure that the paper composition will be successful. It is also significant to provide good grammar not just in writing but also in speaking for it is the basis of understanding and harmonious communication between the communities.

Objectives

  1. To define what essay is all about
  2. To give the different essay writing stages
  3. To list down the different types of essay

Quick Navigation through the Lesson 1:

Lesson Proper

Essay is defined as a short piece of composition written from a writer’s point of view that is most commonly linked to an article or a short story. It is derived from the French word essayer meaning “to try” and was first characterized as an attempt to point out something through writing. Aldous Huxley, one of the leading essayists of the century, described an essay as a literary device that is used for saying almost everything about anything.

Huxley further explained the three worlds in which an essay lives namely personal, objective and abstract-universal. Personal field sets an effort to write based on the author’s experience and accounts. Objective essay put the definition on one subject other than the author’s self but give essays that are in the themes of science and politics. Hiding what the content of the essay is all about highly illustrates the abstract-universal to which most essayists attain to master.

Writing an essay is widely used academically as a class assignment, a written exam or a requirement for college application. The main purpose of writing an essay is to give a discourse to a given subject.

A set of guidelines should be followed in order to write a good essay recommended for the requirements of the curriculum that will help ensure the coherency and consistency of the manuscript. Depending on the type of the essay one is required to write about, one should maintain a good sentence constructing, correct tense of the verb and accurate use of grammar and punctuations on every page.