Essay Paper on Goals and Objectives
In present days it is really crucial for our society to solve the problem of juvenile delinquency which has been destroying the minds and lives of young people all over the world. As far as it has already been said that education plays central part in the process of rehabilitation of juveniles as well as in preventing committing of crimes, it is necessary to say that the main goals and objectives of solving criminal justice problems consist in digression of crime rates by teaching young people how to behave and how to avoid problems with law.
How can this be done? Proper educational programs talking about juvenile delinquency are supposed to be included in school education to show young people the harm and dangers their possible violations can result in. Here is what the prevention from the school part lies in. What is more, not only children but also parents have to be taught the ways of preventing their children from growing into delinquents. Beside that, rehabilitation is supposed to be offered for young delinquents in order to miss becoming serious criminals in the future.
To prevent young delinquents from becoming subsequent offenders, adult criminal sanctions can be used to punish them – some states of the USA have already implemented these sanctions. Normative values associated with delinquency are supposed to be changed in the process of rehabilitation – this is supposed to rescue young people from backslide. As far as change in normative values within the psyche of young people can cause cognitive dissonance because of the difference between new and old behavior models. Social services and institutions whose work is aimed at preventing delinquency are supposed to appease this dissonance.
When the outcome objectives are concerned, it is important to mention the time frame, target population and key result expected as well as specific criterion to measure the impact of the goals realized. If we consider prevention of juvenile delinquency it is supposed to be held during the entire childhood and school years while various agencies come and go. Here target population is the children aging from about 7 to 17 years old, and the result is to consist in them experiencing their teenage years without being brought to trial.
This can also be the criterion to measure the results. As for prevention within the families, the time frame equals child’s age in every separate family – generally for the children being 2-7 years old when they may start performing aggressive behavior or disobedience. The target population is parents here, and the key results will consist in children behaving adequately. And as far as rehabilitation process is concerned, bullies at school can be determined and receive counseling – this may take different periods of time – from some months to some years. Besides, having got into the Juvenile Justice System “a youth may receive drug rehabilitation assistance, counseling, and educational opportunities.” As a result such young people will be able to live in the society without committing more crimes. The process again may take some years.
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