Essay Paper on World Politics – Terrorism
Terrorism is a term that defines “violence or other harmful acts committed (or threatened) against civilians by groups or persons for political or other ideological goals…The terms “terrorism” and “terrorist” have a negative connotation. Terrorism has been used by a broad array of political organizations in furthering their objectives; both right-wing and left-wing political parties, nationalistic, and religious groups, revolutionaries and ruling governments”.
There are different international responses to terrorism. They may include target-hardening. This may be done to “prevent the terrorists from hitting their mark. One method is to place Jersey barrier or other sturdy obstacles outside tall or politically sensitive buildings to prevent car and truck bombing”.
Preemptive neutralization also can be used. What does it mean? Killing, capturing or disabling potential terrorists till the moment they make an attack.
Among international responses there is one rule not to give terrorism to be used as propaganda on TV or wireless. That is why it is important to use domestic intelligence and surveillance. “Domestic intelligence is often directed at specific groups, defined on the basis of origin or religion, which is a source of political controversy. Mass surveillance of an entire population raises objections on civil liberties grounds.”
Also Military intervention is very important. But historical background shows that military intervention was not any time successful to stop or prevent terrorism. This also leads to provoking terrorism as a reaction to these deeds. It just increases aggressiveness and leads to more blood.
Some non- military intervention should be mentioned. Sometimes we see human security approach. It is important to provide people with knowledge and they should be ready to accept fear and deal with it in critical situations. This may be achieved by giving the provision, clean water. Providing education is also a primary task. Medical care, vaccination programs and other programs will be of good use.
The U.S. Government uses all these responses in a wide way. Not all of them are approved be the society; for example, military intervention is not accepted by the majority of counties, of politicians, only Russia, the USA uses this method. ”President Bush, presiding over the swearing-in of retired Vice Admiral Mike McConnell as the new director of national intelligence, calls for more flexibility in the use of personnel with foreign backgrounds to gather critical intelligence in the war on terrorism. “In this time of war — and we are a nation at war — the president and his national security team must have the best intelligence about the plans and purpose of the enemy,” Bush says.”
“The U.S. government has created three organizations — the Foreign Terrorist Asset Tracking Center (FTAT), Operation Green Quest and the Terrorist Financing Task Force. These organizations are facilitating information sharing between intelligence and law enforcement agencies and encourage other countries to identify, disrupt, and defeat terrorist financing networks.”
The problem of terrorism stands in one rank with such governmental problems as migration, crime, corruption, and so on. Terrorism by its acting provokes all this. Migration from the countries which have such unstable political situation is really huge. Who want to leave his/her native place of living? No one. But the circumstances make people do this. What is worse some countries do not allow these poor refugees to get to their land. So people are hold in their country to die. What are the important conditions to live in a community? According to some sociological data people mention first low crime rate…
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