Essay Paper on Pedagogical and Andragogical Approaches to Instruction
Among instructor-based influences pedagogical approach, which invariably encompasses the instructor’s skill and motivation, is the most transparent to the students. Unlike andragogical approach, pedagogical one fosters active and long-term learning. However, pedagogical approach does not often prove to be efficient – reporting a positive learning experience, even though an essential aspect of the affective domain and contributes considerably to the overall learning experience of the experimental group, is not an indication of understanding or competency of pedagogical approach.
Briefly, the main five differences between these two approaches concentrate on the concept of learner (pedagogical: dependent personality, andragogical: particularly sel—centered). When it comes to the experience of a learner, in pedagogical approach it is to be built on more than used as a resource. Andragogical approach views it as a rich resource for learning by self and others. For pedagogical approach readiness to learn is shaped by age and curriculum, while for andragogical one it develops from tasks encountered in life. Moreover, orientation to learning is subject-centered within pedagogical approach and is generally problem-centered within andragogical approach. According to pedagogical approach students are motivated by external rewards and punishment. Supporters of andragogical approach motivate learners through internal incentives curiosity.
The principle of learning material and delivering it back to the instructor in the same manner, taken from the pedagogical approach, can be incorporated into training. In addition, a stream of dialogue concerning the subject matter in a constructivist atmosphere “where meaning is created in relation to students’ prior experience and knowledge” can also be implemented. Indeed, a dialogue is the methodological core of training paradigm. Training gives an opportunity for facilitators to learn about learning, yet also provides a model for best practices, both within pedagogical and andragogical approaches…
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