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Lesson 5: Elements of Narrative Essay


  • To know the structure of a narrative essay
  • To learn how to write a narrative essay
  • To understand the advantages and disadvantages when creating a narrative essay

Quick Navigation through the Lesson 5:

Narrative Essay

A narrative essay is one form of writing wherein the writer shares his/her own personal story. This type of essay mostly uses the first person point of view making it more personal both to the writer telling the story and the reader going through it. It mostly talks about you or an experience you went through or something that a person very close to you has gone through or is going through.

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Basic Structure of a Narrative essay

Knowing the basic structure of a narrative essay can really be a big help for all creative writing

1) Introduction

This is the beginning or start of the essay. The introduction must contain:

  1. Hook – A hook is like a quote or saying that immediately catches the readers’ eye. This is the thing that will draw them in to read more about the piece.
  2. Scene – The scene is where the writer gives the readers a gist of the story. Here, one must give readers an idea on where the story is taking place, what it’s about, who the main characters are and so on.
  3. Thesis Statement – this is the theme. The thesis statement is something that will connect the whole story or essay together. This is where the insights from the story are culminated together by the writer.

2) Body

When one is writing the body of an essay he/she must remember to give as much detail about the experience as possible. Be highly descriptive because this is where the writer can describe anything and everything that he/she feels or have felt.

  1. Show them, don’t tell them – the writer should be able to make the readers feel as if they were also present when the event took place when going through his/her essay.
  2. Supporting Evidence – the writer must help the readers understand why the event or the experience was or is significant to him/her. He/she should be able to make them understand the importance of the event to the essay.
  3.  Sense of Time – The writer must also have a sense of time. Having a sense of time not only organizes the whole piece but also helps the reader follow easily. The writer will be helping the readers not to get lost.
  4. Transitional words – Transitions help the writer take the readers from one point to another smoothly.

3) Conclusion

Conclusion is the morale of the story. After reading the writers piece the reader must come to a realization or a reflection. This is the ending so the reader must learn a thing or two from the essay.

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How to write a Narrative Essay

How to write a narrative essay can vary from who ever is writing it, but here are the basic steps writers uses in order to write narrative essay.

Prewriting is outlining the thoughts and ideas that will be used to write the essay. This helps the writer because it will give him/her a chance to sift through memories and experiences and find the perfect topic to write about.
By drafting the writer gets a more organized glimpse of what he/she is going to write about.
A writer needs to revise their work to give it a more coherent and concise order. Rearranging, omitting, adding etc. some of the sentences or ideas in the essay can help make it a better piece.
Editing is proofreading. The writer must check for grammatical errors, wrong use of punctuation marks, run on sentences etc. to make the piece more sound and structured.
Is sharing the work with readers and getting feedback in return. Feedback helps the writer improve when he/she writes the next piece or story.

[WpProQuiz 144]

Advantages and Disadvantages when Writing a Narrative Essay


  • It will be easier for a writer to write a narrative essay because it mainly uses the first person point of view. It tackles a topic that is about the writer.
  •  Writing narrative essay helps a writer gain perspective. It forces the writer to relive or revisit old memories which sometimes can be therapeutic or a source of fun for them.
  • Writing a narrative essay needs minimal research. Since it is about a writer’s personal experience he/she can just write his/her own memories and feelings.
  •  Narrative writing helps the writer free his/her imagination.


  • Writing a narrative essay can tackle more of the truth side. Sometimes it limits a writer to use variety.
  • Writing a narrative essay blurs the line between real and unreal. Writers can distort the realness of their stories if they include too much fiction or imagination in their piece.
  • Writing a narrative essay does not mean that all readers will love it.

In conclusion, the lesson aims to teach you about what a narrative essay is and how to start writing one. Now that you have understood what a narrative essay is and all its elements and components, it is time for you to create one yourself. You can write about the everyday life of being a student for an idea, so go on and write.

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As for the next lesson, we will be tackling about fiction writing. Fiction simply means writing creatively and freely with the help of one’s imagination. When you are done studying and creating a narrative essay you can head on now to the next lesson to find out more about fiction writing.




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